The active agent in ecstasy
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, also referred to as Ecstasy or XTC) is one of a series of “designer drugs” created by chemically modifying methamphetamine. One of the other drugs in this class is MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine).
MDMA is said to be a “empathogen,” as it is supposed to make people understand each other’s feelings better. Serenity, feelings of tranquility, and conviviality are typical. In typically low dosages it provides a moderate euphoria and calmness. However one side effect is muscular tension, which leads to couples giving a lot of massages ….you can imagine what comes next. Occasionally blurred vision, chills, or sweating can be seen at higher dosages. Side effects of the root drug (amphetamine) include high blood pressure (hypertension) which can cause bleeding into the brain. A few acute deaths have occurred. Amphetamines and MDA also will produce vasculitis (inflammation and narrowing of the arteries of the brain) when used chronically.
Physical – Moderate. Psychological – Moderate.
Method of use
MDMA is generally taken orally. A few years ago it was a popular drug at “raves” (large, all-night parties which moved from place to place different nights). Some people have reported snorting it works too.
Associated with feelings of tranquility and serenity.
Could possibly cause neurological damages years after prolonged use. Some deaths have occured (see above), often from drinking too much water as users try to quench intense thirst beyond body’s ability to absorb water.
- MAPS – Serious Medical Research into Medical XTC Uses
- MDMA – The Wikipedia version of Ecstasy and MDMA